Year 4 Summer 1
Year 4 topic Saxon Britain will focus on the changing face of Britain during the decline of the Romans and the Anglo Saxon invasion. They will investigate who the Saxons were; what they did to survive and why they chose Britain to live in. In Science they will be learning about the digestive system.
- A new gallery uncovering the fascinating story of the Staffordshire Hoard is now open at Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, entrance is free and it is a wonderful place for a day out:
- See more of the Staffordshire Hoard at the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Mercia exhibition at The Potteries Museum & Art Gallery in Stoke-on-Trent, again entrance is free and there is much to see:
- There is also a permanent display of items from the Staffordshire Hoard at Lichfield Cathedral, entrance is free:
- There is a permanent display of items from the Staffordshire Hoard at Tamworth Castle, the ancient capital of Mercia and once home to the King of Mercia (there is a small entrance fee, though the castle is well worth exploring in its own right):
- Visit an Anglo Saxon monument in Wolverhampton City Centre! The cross, attributed to the 9th century, is situated in the grounds of St. Peter’s Church (itself built in the 15th century) in Wolverhampton City Centre and is free to visit: http://www.wonderfulwolverhampton.co.uk/businesses/st-peters-church/
- If you’re travelling to Suffolk in East Anglia perhaps you could pay a visit to Sutton Hoo itself. You can explore the burial grounds as well as the exhibition. They often have events on. Visit the website to find out more: http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/sutton-hoo
- If you are in Sufflok then it’s also worth also paying a visit to Moyse’s Hall Museum and West Stow Anglo Saxon Village: https://www.weststow.org/
- You can find a list of all the Anglo Saxon sites in Great Britain that you can visit here: http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryMagazine/DestinationsUK/AngloSaxonSites/
- The British Museum in London holds most of the treasures discovered in the burial mounds at Sutton Hoo, entrance is free and it’s a great day out: http://www.britishmuseum.org/visiting/galleries/europe/room_41_europe_ad_300-1100.aspx
- Watch the television series Beowulf, or look at some of the different animated versions on YouTube.
- Watch Horrible Histories, they have some Anglo Saxon sketches you can enjoy.
- The Think Tank in Birmingham has interactive displays all about the human body: http://www.birminghammuseums.org.uk/thinktank
- Write a newspaper front page for the invasion of the Saxons. What eye-catching headline will you think of? Use powerful and exciting language to sensationalise your story.
- Write a story set in Anglo Saxon times.
- Write a poem about Alfred the Great.
- Write a play-script about the Anglo Saxon invasion.
- Write a letter to a friend using Anglo Saxon runes instead of English!
- Write an Anglo Saxon alliteration poem.
- Write an acrostic poem about teeth or the digestive system.
- Write an information leaflet about looking after your teeth.
- Design a poster about having a balanced diet.
- Write a menu for a restaurant that only sells healthy meals.
- Write a ‘Then and Now’ comparison of the West Midlands today and during the time of the Anglo Saxons.
- Read the famous epic poem Beowulf. Try the new adaptation from famous children’s author Michael Morpurgo.
- ‘The Smashing Saxons (Horrible Histories)’ by Terry Deary, is part of the very popular Horrible Histories book series.
- ‘You Wouldn’t Want to be an Anglo-Saxon Peasant!’ is a humorous look at the Saxons by Jacqueline Morley
- ‘Anglo-Saxons & Vikings (Usborne History of Britain)’ by Hazel Maskell, is a non-fiction book about the Saxons.
- ‘The Anglo Saxons (British Museum Activity Books)’ by Reeve and Chattington is a fun activity book by The British Museum.
- ‘Art and Culture (Discover the Anglo-Saxons)’ by Moira Butterfield, will inspire children to learn more about art of the Anglo Saxon people.
- ‘Everyday Life (Discover the Anglo-Saxons)’ by Moira Butterfield, will help children understand more about the everyday lives of normal Anglo Saxons.
- ‘Religion and Saints (Discover the Anglo-Saxons)’ by Moira Butterfield, will let children learn in more depth about Anglo Saxon religious beliefs.
- ‘Kings and Warriors (Discover the Anglo-Saxons)’ by Moira Butterfield, goes into more detail about Anglo Saxon Kings and Warriors.
- ‘Your Digestive System (Searchlight Books: How Does Your Body Work?)’ by Rebecca L. Johnson, is an interesting book about how your body processes the food it eats.
- ‘The Lucky Escape: An Imaginative Journey Through the Digestive System: Volume 1 (Human Body Detectives)’ by Dr. Heather Manley, is a brilliant book about the digestive system told in the style of a story about characters that transform so small they can actually enter the human body!
- ‘Horrid Henry Tricks the Tooth Fairy’ by Francesca Simon, is a funny story about teeth that kids will love.
- ‘Rainbow Magic: Early Reader, Tamara the Tooth Fairy’ by Daisy Meadows, is a lovely tale from the popular Rainbow Fairies series.
- ‘All About Teeth (Healthy Teeth)’ by Mari C. Schuh, is a non-fiction book about teeth.
- ‘Snacks for Healthy Teeth’ by Mari C. Schuh, will help children make good choices about the foods they eat.
- ‘Throw Your Tooth on the Roof: Tooth Traditions from Around the World’ by Selby B. Beeler, is a fascinating book that chronicles various traditions from around the world associated with losing your teeth!
- ‘Food (Eyewitness)’ by Laura Buller, is a factual book all about food and healthy eating.
Work It Out!
- Did the Anglo Saxons have money? Investigate…
- What areas of land did the different kingdoms of Anglo Saxon Britain cover?
- What was the population of Britain in Anglo Saxon times compared to today? Find out then work out the difference.
- Invent and make your own Anglo Saxon board game.
- Make a time-line of Great Britain.
Year 4 will be learning about food, teeth and the digestive system. They will find out about the journey food takes through the human body and what happens to it, they will be able to name different parts of the digestive system and what they do. Children will also learn about the different teeth that humans have and their jobs. They will learn about the different types of food and what they do for us. They will find out about healthy eating and what makes a balanced diet.
- Design a poster to persuade children to brush their teeth and look after them properly.
- Draw a life-size picture of the human body and include the parts of the digestive system. Label your diagram. If you want to you could make it 3D by adding models of body parts like the liver, stomach and oesophagus modelled out of clay or plasticine.
- Design a healthy menu.
- Cook a balanced meal for your family (adult help required).
- Learn more about the digestive system on this interactive science website: http://www.childrensuniversity.manchester.ac.uk/interactives/science/bodyandmedicine/digestivesystem/
- This fun cartoon will teach you more about the digestive system: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bFczvJp0bpU
- This is another great cartoon all about the digestive system: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnzwbipJuAA
- Read, in more detail, facts about the digestive system: http://www.ngkids.co.uk/science-and-nature/digestive-system
- This is a great clip from the BBC that shows how the digestive system works: http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/clips/z7vygk7
- Watch this teacher demonstrate how food is broken down in the body to make poo! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aemI64NAK08
- This is a rap about teeth and the digestive system: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D-kpw4YCNsU
- Read all about teeth then play the quiz and game on the BBC website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks2/science/living_things/teeth_eating/read/1/
- There are ten different games about teeth to be played on this website: http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/revision/science/living/teeth.html
- There are lots more links to interactive games about the human body and healthy eating on this page: http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/revision/science/living/humanbody.html
- Learn more about teeth and healthy eating on The Children’s University of Manchester website: http://www.childrensuniversity.manchester.ac.uk/interactives/science/teethandeating/
- Why do different animals have different types of teeth? Search on the internet for pictures of different animals’ teeth and find out why they’re the shape they are; compare them to each other.
- If some of your milk teeth have fallen out do you still have them anywhere? If you have take a look at them, what sort of teeth are they?
- Draw and label the different types of teeth that humans have.
Children will learn about what happened to Britain when the Romans left and how it changed when the Anglo Saxons arrived. They will compare Britain during the Roman and Saxon periods and look at the similarities and differences between the two. They will learn about evidence left behind by the Anglo Saxons such as the burial grounds at Sutton Hoo.
- Look at the BBC website to find out more about the evidence left behind by the Romans: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/romans/roman_remains/
- Find out about the Staffordshire Hoard, the largest hoard of Anglo Saxon gold ever found only a short drive from Walsall. Why not make a tour of all the local exhibitions to see the wide range of artefacts on display in Birmingham, Stoke-on –Trent, Lichfield and Tamworth (see our Do It! section for more details): http://www.staffordshirehoard.org.uk/
- Find out more about the Sutton Hoo helmet on the BBC website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/worldhistory/sutton_hoo_helmet/
- Who were the Anglo Saxons? Find out more on the BBC primary website, play some games and take the quizzes: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zq2m6sg
- When did the Anglo Saxons come to Great Britain? You can find out more here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z23br82
- How was Anglo Saxon Britain ruled? Find out here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zqrc9j6
- Who was Alfred the Great? Why do we still know about him today? Learn more on the BBC website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z9tdq6f
- What was Anglo Saxon art like? What did they do for pleasure? What stories did they tell? How did they entertain themselves? Find out here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zwjq2hv
- What did the Anglo Saxons believe? What happened to make them become Christians? Find out here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/zs3gcdm
- What happened to the Anglo Saxons and the Vikings? Did they get along? What significant events happened between them? Learn more here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z8q487h
- What happened in 1066 that signalled the end of the Anglo Saxon era? Find out more on this website: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z3s9j6f
- On this BBC page there are 14 great videos all about the Anglo Saxons for you to enjoy: http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/topics/zxsbcdm/resources/1
- Look at the National Trust Sutton Hoo website: http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/sutton-hoo
- Visit the Sutton Hoo Society website and visit the gallery to see lots of photos of artefacts found: http://www.suttonhoo.org/
- This website will give you lots of facts and information about Sutton Hoo and help you with your homework: http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/saxons/suttonhoo.htm
- Find out more about the Anglo Saxons on this great website: http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/saxons.htm
- Look at the website for The British Museum to learn more about the treasures that were found at Sutton Hoo: http://www.britishmuseum.org/visiting/galleries/europe/room_41_europe_ad_300-1100.aspx
- Read about the Saxons, look at a timeline and learn the names of some memorable Saxons here: http://www.theschoolrun.com/homework-help/anglo-saxons
- Print off the game boards and play some Anglo Saxon games at home: http://anglosaxondiscovery.ashmolean.org/teachers_resources/games.html
- There are lots of fun activity sheets on this page to print off and do at home: http://anglosaxondiscovery.ashmolean.org/teachers_resources/activities.html
- Research Saxon place names on the internet, what towns and cities can you find that have Saxon names today?
- Make a model of an Anglo Saxon home or settlement. What will you use to create it; clay, cardboard, Lego, K’Nex, Meccano or something else?
- Look at the video of an Anglo Saxon village created in Minecraft for someone’s homework, perhaps you will be inspired to make your own! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7HWcyMs9CIk
- Anglo Saxon people wore clothes made from wool cloth or animal skins. Men wore tunics, with tight trousers or leggings, wrapped around them with strips of cloth or leather. Women wore long dresses. Women spun the wool from sheep and goats to make thread. They used a loom to weave the thread into cloth. If you have a loom, you could try weaving your own fabric. You could make your own loom using wooden sticks (tape 4 sticks together to make a square and simply wrap string around the loom then weave the wool in and out) or try some paper weaving, watch this video to find out how: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eX_E4qiecVE
- Try making this easy loom to weave strong rope out of lollipop sticks and cardboard rolls: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rnbYwaeK75Q
- Watch this fun stop-motion video of the Anglo Saxon invasion, why not try making your own afterwards? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tn4tAwIYrRo
- Make an Anglo Saxon brooch; cut a circle out of card then cut a star and stick it on top. Use a safety pin to attach it to your clothing.
- Learn more about Anglo Saxon Birmingham on this website: http://billdargue.jimdo.com/glossary-brief-histories/a-brief-history-of-birmingham/anglo-saxon-birmingham/
- Draw a map of the Anglo Saxon kingdoms of Great Britain.
- Find out more about the West Midlands during the time of the Anglo Saxons. Which kingdom did it come under? Which towns and cities were around in those days that are still here now? How has the Midlands changed?
- Watch this Lego animated story of Beowulf: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1SGJS0VN0hE
Year 4 will get the chance to create their very own computer game using code in a special computer coding program designed especially for children.
- Do you play computer games? What different types do you play; MMO (massive multiplayer on-line), RPG (role-playing games), strategy, simulation, adventure, puzzles, action, educational, sports or creative games? Find out about the different types.
- Research the history of gaming, what computers first allowed you to play games? What were the first games consoles made purely for gaming? Ask your parents if they used to play computer games when they were younger, what consoles or computers did they have and what were their favourite games?
- Write a review of your favourite computer game.
- The Wikipedia page on computer game history is a great place to start if you want to find out more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_video_games
- Learn more on the website of the Computer History Museum in California, USA: http://www.computerhistory.org/?gclid=CKrB99eencsCFeYK0wodz8AA_Q
Year 4 will make their own Anglo Saxon artefacts and pottery.
- Try making braided jewellery by plaiting embroidery thread.
- Make an imitation Sutton Hoo mask. This teaching website has downloadable templates you can print off at home and use to make your very own Saxon helmet! https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/reconstructing-the-sutton-hoo-helmet-templates-11090133
- Have a look at some Anglo Saxon jewellery on this website, then design your own: http://www.runemaker.com/anglosax.shtml
- Investigate runes, what were they? Perhaps you could make your own set of rune stones by writing different runes onto pebbles.
- Make your own Anglo Saxon sword and shield, look here for ideas: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0_Kch7vyEE
- Make an Anglo Saxon helmet out of tin foil! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79Gx83uH0Kw
- Or make a helmet using papier mâché on a balloon, watch this video for help with the technique: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MPSlrKZwvYI
Year 4 will design and make their own bread brand. They will design the packaging and think about the ingredients before writing a recipe.
- This website has lots of fun recipes for all types of bread, from rolls to pretzels: http://www.breadworld.com/category/Bake-with-Kids
- Make a list of as many different types of bread as you can, challenge your friends to see who can find the most.
- Look on the internet for different types of bread from around the world such as croissant from France and focaccia from Italy. What sort of bread is popular in Ghana, for instance? How about Paraguay or Papua New Guinea?
For PE children will be playing cricket, tennis and a variety of invasion games. Some children will be taking swimming lessons.
- Walsall Cricket Club have a thriving junior cricket section, junior training is held on a Friday evenings, children can join from age 2: http://www.walsallcricketclub.com/index.asp?id=33
- If you’re keen to be the next Sir Don Bradman or Sachin Tendulkar, you may be interested in the International Cricket Schools training camps that are put on throughout the year around the country, find out more here: http://www.kingscamps.org/
- If you love cricket watch a game. There are local teams you could watch or watch an international match on the TV.
- Go to Birmingham and visit Edgbaston Cricket Ground, home to Warwickshire County Cricket Club. They host many big, international games if you fancy seeing matches such as England V Pakistan: http://www.edgbaston.com/
- If you’re interested in tennis, Walsall Tennis Club have junior clubs you can join: http://www.walsalltennis.co.uk/web/html/Juniors.htm
- Find out about other sports clubs for children in and around Walsall here: http://www.mywalsall.org/teens/index.php?view=category&cid=15&name=Sport%20&%20Leisure
For RE Year 4 will think about the importance of food in religion. They will learn that some foods are not permitted to be eaten in some religions such as; Islam, Sikhism, Hinduism and Judaism and why they cannot be eaten. They will also think about different religious ceremonies, such as fasting for Ramadan or Lent and compare them. They will then think about food in the wider context and what it means to not have any food.
- Do you have a religion? If you do are there any foods you can’t eat? Do you know why? Talk about it with your family.
- Compare the Muslim period of Ramadan to the Christian period of Lent. How are they different, how are they the same?
- What special events happen at the end of Ramadan and Lent? What festivities take place and how are they celebrated by the followers of each faith?
- Can you think of any other special religious dates and foods associated with each festival such as: Easter, Christmas, Eid, Hannukah, Vaisakhi or Diwali. Find out what typical foods are usually eaten on these dates.
- Some religions require only certain foods to be eaten on certain days, such as the Sabbath for Jews or Fridays (especially Good Friday) for some Christians (though this practice is not widely followed anymore). Find out about the foods that are permitted and why those days have special conditions.
- Learn more about the Jewish Sabbath here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/holydays/sabbath.shtml
- Learn more about fish on Fridays for Christians here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-suffolk-13524408
- There are thousands of other religions around the world. Investigate different religions from around the world, do any of them have special conditions when it comes to the foods they can and can’t eat?
- What does the word famine mean? How do you think it would feel to be starving? Talk about it with your family, often we say we’re starving but are we really?
- Write a poster, leaflet or newspaper article trying to persuade people to donate to charities that provide food or the means to get their own food.
- What is a food bank? Have you seen or donated any food to any food bank collection points in your local supermarket? Find out what they do and why.
Click here for the Saxon Britain Parent Information page.
Click here for Saxon Britain Homework page.